Latin name- Cassia angustifolia
English name- Indian Senna. Tinnevelly Senna
Sanskrit : Madani
As a stimulant laxative -This effect is due to the sennoside, specifically, due to their active metabolite in the colon, Rheinanthrone. The effect is primarily caused by the influence on the motility of the colon by inhibiting stationary and stimulating propulsive contractions.
As a purgative-The purgative principles are largely attributed to anthraquinone derivatives and their glucosides.The drug was brought into use by Arabian physicians for removing capillary congestion (pods were preferred to leaves).
- Used for treating biliousness, distention of stomach, vomiting and hiccups.
- Also used as a febrifuge, jaundice, amoebic dysentery
- It is useful in habitual constipation.
- It is used as expectorant, wound dresser, carminative.
- Useful in loss of appetite, hepatomegaly, spleenomegaly, indigestion, malaria, skin diseases, and anemia.
- Leaves are made into a paste, and applied to various skin diseases.